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Tibet Autonomous Region
Tibet has the magnificent and wonderful natural scenery of the "third pole of the world " and the feature of the simple and unsophisticated Tibetan Buddhism. There are 44 peaks opened to the foreigners. The Shannan's Yarlong Valley Zone is the state - listed scenic area. Lhasa and Xigaze (Shigatse) are the noted national cultural and historic cities. There 13 national key relics protection units. With Lhasa as the center, Shannan and Xigaze (Shigatse) are the east and west lines respectively, radiating Nyingtri and Ngari. The Potala Palace in Lhasa is the world heritage. Jokhang Lamasery, Ramoche Lamasery, Sera Lamasery, Gandain Lamasery, Norbu Lingka Park, and their Tibetan Buddhist Culture are well known at home and abroad. Shannan is the birthplace of the Tibetan Ethnic Group where there are the magnificent ice peaks, countryside, the civil residence of the Middle Ages, the earliest Tibetan palace, temples, and Tibet's King's Tombs. Xigaze (Shigatses) was the Tibet's capital in the Gema Dynasty. There is the Tashilhumpo (Zhaxi Lhunpo) Monastery there. Tibet is an ideal place for mountaineering, scientific search, and ecology tour. The festivals include Sholdon Tourism & Art Festival, Tibetan Folklore Festival, and so on.
Lhasa is the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The city at an elevation of 3650 meters above sea level is the highest in the world. It is the region's political, economic and cultural center as well as a sacred place of Tibetan Buddhism.
Potala Palace
Potala Palace on the top of the Potala Hill is the symbol of Lhasa. It is 117 meters tall and 40 meters wide and has towering buildings with golden roofs and a group of huge castle palaces. Which are divided into white and red ones for the color of their walls. The white place used to be a place where the living Buddha, Dalai, Tibet's religious leader, handled government affairs and lived. The red one consists of the Hall of the Buddha, the Scripture Hall and the Memorial Hall, each with a dozen or scores of rooms. The Hall of the Buddha houses gold - traced portraits of Sakyamuni and deceased Dalai Lamas; the Scripture Hall keeps in it a large number of early copies of Buddhist sutras; and the Memorial Hall contains stupas of the 13 late Dalai Lamas.
Potala Palace is also a world of murals, which are painted in hundreds of halls and corridors. It is a huge treasure house for materials and articles of Tibetan history, religion, culture and arts.
Jokhang Lamasery
The 1300 - year - old Jokhang Lamasery in the west of the old city proper of Lhasa is an architectural masterpiece that combines techniques of ancient Tibet with those of the Hans. It is four - story high with a golden roof. The main hall consecrates a gold statue of Sakyamuni brought to Tibet in the Tang Dynasty and statues of King Songtsang Kampo (517 - 650), Princess Wen Cheng and Princess Chizun. Murals in the temple include one entitled "Princess Wen Cheng Entering Tibet" and lines of woodcuts of beasts and sphinx featuring local arts of the Western Region. The temple is fronted with a stele to mark the meetings between the officials of the imperial court of the Tang Dynasty and the Tibetan regional government and other historical relics.
Other tourist attractions in Lhasa include Norbu Lingka Park - a summer resort for Dalai Lamas, Gandain Lamasery, Zhebung Lamasery - Tibet's largest temple covering an area of 250000 square meters, as well as Sera Lamasery.
Xigaze (Shigatse)
Situated in central - southern Tibet, Xigaze is the second largest city of Tibet and a political, ecnomic and and cultural center of the region. Known as "Nianqumai" in ancient times, it is more than 500 years old and served as the capital of Tibet in the first half of the 17th century. South of the city lies the Tashilhumpo (Zhaxi Lhunpo) Lamasery, one of the four lamaseries of the Galu sect of Lamaism and the residence of the Panchan Lama for long. Southeast of the city is situated the Xialu Lamasery, a cross between Han and Tibetan architecture, built during the Song and Yuan Dyasties.
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